Cuba: an island country that consists of numerous archipelagos

Cuba: an island country that consists of numerous archipelagos

Located in the Caribbean Sea, it is an island country that consists of numerous archipelagos. Cuba’s population is 11.1 million people. Havana, which is Cuba’s capital has a population of 2.1 million citizens. The total area of Cuba is 109,884 square kilometers making it the 105th largest country in the world. The official language as in the most countries in the region is Spanish.

Cuba seems to defy Benjamin Disraeli’s famous maxim that “Change is constant”. Some things never change in Cuba, including the government, architecture, and the fleet of old American cars. Other things, including the hotel and restaurant scene, change at a dizzying pace. The most important changes and new developments in the tourism field are listed here. For greater detail, see the individual destination chapters.

As communistic country they don’t have an official religion, but Roman Catholicism is widely practiced.
The Cuban peso or the Cuban convertible peso are the two official currencies in Cuba. The salaries are paid in both currencies, the Cuban peso could be used for most of the expenses, while the Cuban convertible peso is to be used for luxury purchases.

Cuba is probably the most intensely diverse island destination in the Caribbean, offering everything from standard fun-in-the-sun beach resort getaways to colonial city circuits, myriad land and sea adventure opportunities, tobacco and classic-car theme tours, and a wide array of cultural and artistic opportunities. Most travelers will have to carefully pick and choose as there’s a lot to see and do.

The high season starts from December through March, coinciding with the winter months in most northern countries and with Cuba’s dry season. The beaches and resorts are relatively full during the Christmas and Easter holidays, prices are somewhat higher, and it may be harder to find an available rental car or room. Moreover, overbooking, a widespread problem in the Cuban tourism industry, is certainly much more of a problem during the high season. During the low season, you should be able to find discounts on rooms, car rentals, and tour options. Moreover, resorts and attractions are much less crowded. However, temperatures are somewhat higher throughout low season, and periods of extended rainfall are not uncommon. The rainy season in Cuba starts from May until October, especially during September and October is the largest amount of hurricanes.

That charming country is unlike any other place on earth. What draws people to this fascinating Caribbean island is much more than beaches, sun and cheap drinks, though there are plenty of all three for those who want them. It doesn’t suffer from the drab and desultory demeanor of its disappeared peers, although it is one of the last Communist-bloc nations left. Unique political history, its rich culture and continued survival through ongoing economic hardship make it one of the most eye-opening countries that experienced travelers can still discover. Seeing the best of Cuba means grooving to its intoxicating music, marveling at how Cubans improvise on a daily basis to make ends meet and visiting a land in which the past fifty years seem to have passed by in some odd sort of state of frozen animation.


The Genuine Cuba

Rodopi Cycling (Bulgaria) 660 , 8 Days

Rodopi Cycling (Bulgaria)

Join us on this amazing cycling trip in the heart of the mystic Rhodope Mountains - home of the...
Orpheus Trail Ride, Bulgaria 880 , 8 Days

Orpheus Trail Ride, Bulgaria

The Rhodopes, occupying the southern part of Bulgaria and part of Greece, are the homeland of the...
Best of Bulgaria Roundtrip 650 , 8 Days

Best of Bulgaria Roundtrip

Situated on the Balkan Peninsula, Bulgaria is still one of the least explored countries in Europe....

View all» What people say about us

Gunnar Svensson

Tour: Caucasus Explorer
Interesting trip in a different part of the world. with a possibility to learn a lot. Visit to spectacular churches and monastries, museums, wine producers, nature and beautiful cities. This tour is recommended.


Tour: Saudi Arabia
Fantastic trip with Penguin Travel! Loved all the sights we got to see in Saudi Arabia. Abdulaziz and Lyuben were very helpful, kind, and knowledgeable. Would highly recommend for solo and group travelers, especially those wanting an "off the beaten path" experience. Can't wait to travel with Penguin again!

Milosh Kitchovitch

Tour: Balkan Kaleidoscope
Amazing tour! A great overview of eight Balkan countries with the perfect balance of organized activities and free time. Our guide Anton was the best - organized, calm and has great sense of humor. I highly recommend it. This was my first tour with Penguin and I will definitely be booking more tours with Penguin.

View all»


10.12.2022 15:21

Saudi Arabia - the birthplace of Islam (tips for visiting the country)

It took really long for Saudi Arabia to decide to open for tourists, but now it is finally a fact and Penguin Travel immediately put the destination on its belt. The Kingdom – known as the spiritual birthplace of Islam, now has a new approach to attract visitors and that's why the visa requirements are changed. The changes are so big, compared to the past that they look almost like a...

06.08.2021 17:00

7 Things to do in South Sudan

It’s the newest country in the world and one that a lot of people haven’t even heard of. Those who have, usually associate it with the military conflict that has been tearing up the region for decades. But behind all of that, lies a country of ancient cultural rituals, a myriad of colorful local tribes and raw natural beauty. It is still the most challenging destinations for the...

05.08.2021 08:55

The Little - Known Pyramids of Sudan

Can you name the country with the most pyramids in the world? Nope, it’s not Egypt. The country which holds this record with more than 200 pyramids is actually Egypt’s southern neighbor – Sudan. Though not as big as the Egyptian ones, they are just as impressive and have just as intriguing history, dating back to 8th century BC, to the kingdom of Kush. Since the Sudanese...

01.10.2020 11:45

11 Interesting Facts about Rwanda

  Rwanda is a small African country, whose name is often mostly associated with the horrific genocide that happened here in 1994. It was one of the most tragic events in the history not only of Rwanda, but the world. However, it was also a turning point in the country's history. It has since then embarked on a new path of social, economic and ecological development and deserves to be known...