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Turkmenistan, located in Central Asia, is a country that is still relatively undiscovered by tourists. This makes it an excellent destination for travelers who are looking for something off the beaten path. In this article, we will explore some of the reasons why Turkmenistan is worth considering for your next travel adventure.

Visa Requirements

Before we dive into what Turkmenistan has to offer, it's important to note that travelers will need a visa to enter the country. The visa application process can be a bit complicated and time-consuming, so it's recommended that travelers apply well in advance of their planned trip. Additionally, travelers must be accompanied by a registered tour guide during their entire stay in Turkmenistan.

Cultural Sites

Turkmenistan has a rich cultural heritage, and there are many historical sites and monuments that are worth exploring. One of the most famous is the ancient city of Merv, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This city was once an important center of trade and culture on the Silk Road, and it is home to a number of well-preserved monuments and ruins.

Another must-see site is the Darvaza Gas Crater, which is also known as the "Door to Hell." This natural gas crater has been burning for more than 40 years, and it creates a striking and surreal landscape.

Outdoor Adventures

If you're looking for adventure, Turkmenistan has plenty to offer. The country is home to a number of beautiful national parks, including Kugitang Nature Reserve and Badkhyz State Nature Reserve. These parks offer a range of outdoor activities, such as hiking, camping, and wildlife watching.

For those who are interested in extreme sports, the Kopetdag Mountains offer opportunities for mountain biking, rock climbing, and even skiing in the winter months.

Turkmenistan is known for its hospitality, and visitors can expect to be welcomed with open arms. The local people are friendly and eager to share their culture and traditions with visitors. Travelers will have the opportunity to taste traditional Turkmen cuisine, which includes dishes such as plov (a rice pilaf) and shashlik (grilled meat skewers).

Turkmenistan is a country that is full of surprises and delights. From its rich cultural heritage to its stunning natural landscapes, there is something for everyone to discover. While the visa application process and tour guide requirement may be a bit daunting, the experience of visiting Turkmenistan is well worth the effort. So if you're looking for a unique travel adventure, consider adding Turkmenistan to your list of must-visit destinations.

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Tour: Iraqi Kurdistan
My recent trip in Iraq organized by Penguin was excellent from start to end. Both Penguin tour guide (Nessi) and the local guide (Fahad) managed all topics efficiently and facilitated an amazing experience for the group. Now I dream about visiting the Northern part of the country, too.


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Thanks for everything in terms of your work and help with this trip to Yemen. It was an amazing experience - one I would recommend to almost anyone. By the numbers of people who travelled to the island, it is only going to get more exposure. The local company was very good - so you can have no problems with them at all. I was really lucky though - there were only 2 of us on the trip - and it was a really nice experience. I will continue to work with Penguin in getting ideas for great places to travel.

Gunnar Svensson

Tour: Caucasus Explorer
Interesting trip in a different part of the world. with a possibility to learn a lot. Visit to spectacular churches and monastries, museums, wine producers, nature and beautiful cities. This tour is recommended.

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