Mauritania - a Land of Desert and Ocean 1050 , 7 Days

Mauritania - a Land of Desert and Ocean

Nestled on Africa's Atlantic coast, Mauritania is a land of empty desert, wildlife-filled wetland...

Mauritania Holidays: A Cultural Journey Through Time

Mauritania is a fascinating country located in West Africa that is slowly but steadily gaining popularity among travelers. Its rugged landscapes, diverse cultures, and deep history make it an exciting destination to explore. If you're looking for a holiday destination that offers a unique and immersive experience, Mauritania is the perfect choice.

Mauritania's History

Mauritania has a rich and diverse history that dates back to prehistoric times. The country was once a major center of the trans-Saharan trade route, connecting the Mediterranean with sub-Saharan Africa. This led to the development of a unique and diverse culture that has been influenced by Arab, Berber, and West African traditions.

Mauritania is also home to several ancient civilizations, including the Soninke Empire, the Ghana Empire, and the Mali Empire. These empires left behind impressive ruins and monuments, including the UNESCO World Heritage Site of the Ancient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt, and Oualata.

Mauritania's Culture

Mauritania is home to several ethnic groups, including the Moors, Wolof, Pulaar, and Soninke. Each group has its own distinct traditions, beliefs, and customs, which are reflected in the country's rich cultural heritage.

One of the most fascinating aspects of Mauritanian culture is the nomadic way of life that is still prevalent in many parts of the country. The Bedouin people, who are mostly of Arab descent, travel from place to place with their herds of camels, goats, and sheep. This lifestyle has been a part of Mauritania's cultural heritage for centuries and is still an essential part of the country's identity.

Mauritania's Festivals

Mauritania is home to several festivals that offer visitors a unique opportunity to experience the country's rich cultural heritage. One of the most popular festivals is the Nouakchott International Festival, which celebrates the country's music, dance, and art. The festival brings together artists from all over the world, and it is a great way to experience the country's vibrant cultural scene.

Another popular festival is the Eid al-Fitr, which marks the end of Ramadan. This festival is celebrated by Muslims all over the world, but it is especially vibrant in Mauritania. People dress up in colorful traditional clothes and gather together to enjoy traditional foods and exchange gifts.

Mauritania's Landscapes

Mauritania is a country of contrasts, with rugged mountains, vast deserts, and fertile river valleys. The Adrar Mountains, located in the north of the country, offer stunning views of the Sahara desert and are home to several ancient ruins and monuments.

The Banc d'Arguin National Park, located on the Atlantic coast, is home to a diverse range of bird species and is a great place for bird watching. The park is also home to several species of dolphins and whales, which can be spotted off the coast during certain times of the year.

Mauritania is a unique and fascinating destination that offers visitors a chance to explore a rich and diverse culture. From the ancient ruins of the empires of West Africa to the vibrant festivals and the rugged landscapes, Mauritania is a country that will leave a lasting impression on anyone who visits. If you're looking for a holiday destination that is off the beaten path, Mauritania is the perfect choice.

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My recent trip in Iraq organized by Penguin was excellent from start to end. Both Penguin tour guide (Nessi) and the local guide (Fahad) managed all topics efficiently and facilitated an amazing experience for the group. Now I dream about visiting the Northern part of the country, too.


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Thanks for everything in terms of your work and help with this trip to Yemen. It was an amazing experience - one I would recommend to almost anyone. By the numbers of people who travelled to the island, it is only going to get more exposure. The local company was very good - so you can have no problems with them at all. I was really lucky though - there were only 2 of us on the trip - and it was a really nice experience. I will continue to work with Penguin in getting ideas for great places to travel.

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Interesting trip in a different part of the world. with a possibility to learn a lot. Visit to spectacular churches and monastries, museums, wine producers, nature and beautiful cities. This tour is recommended.

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